The brake rotor is a metal disc affixed to each wheel hub that runs in between the brake pads in the brake calipers on the bike frame. When a brake lever is squeezed, the mechanical brake cable pulls on the caliper arm, which squeezes the brake pads against the brake rotor. The friction of the brake pads pressing against the brake rotor slows the wheel and the bike.
With normal use, the brake pads wear down and need to be replaced to maintain the ability to safely stop the bike. Less frequently, or in the unlikely event of damage to a brake rotor, it may need to be replaced. This guide will help you remove and install a new brake rotor.
- Two blocks or props
- T25 Torx wrench or a driver with a bit
- Torque wrench with T25 Torx bit
- Nitrile gloves (optional)
- Get the bike ready for maintenance. Turn off the bike, remove the battery, and press and hold MODE (or the power button) to discharge remaining power.
- Flip the bike upside down. Carefully turn the bike upside down and rest the handlebar grips on props to protect the display.
- Remove the wheel. If removing a front wheel, follow the steps HERE to remove the quick release skewer. Set the skewer and hardware aside. For help removing the rear wheel, see the article linked HERE.
- Remove the rotor. Use a T25 Torx wrench or driver to carefully remove each of the six bolts. Ensure the bit is fully seated in the bolt head, press firmly, and turn slowly to avoid stripping the hardware. Discard the old brake rotor according to local rules; recycle where possible.
Do not touch the braking surface or the outer ring of the rotor that makes contact with the brake pads. Handle the replacement rotor by touching the inner spoke-like “arms” of the rotor. Wear clean nitrile gloves as another optional precaution. Hand oils, grease, or other contaminants on the brake rotor’s braking surface (or on brake pads made with organic materials) can decrease braking performance and may cause squeaking
- Position the new rotor on the wheel hub. Handle the new rotor only by the arms, being careful not to touch the braking surface to avoid contamination.
Never touch the brake disc, especially while the wheel is in motion. Touching the brake disc while it is moving can cause serious injury.
- Thread the new rotor bolts into the hub carefully by hand. Avoid cross-threading or damaging the threads. Use the T25 Torx wrench or driver to tighten each bolt, stopping just before the bolt head contacts the rotor.
- Twist the rotor clockwise so it makes firm contact with the bolts. This will negate any potential shearing force exerted on the bolts in an extreme braking situation.
Ensuring the rotor is turned so it is firmly in contact with the bolts is critical for the safety of the bike and the longevity of the breaking components.
- Tighten the bolts evenly, moving from bolt to bolt in a star pattern. Securely tighten each bolt to 7 Nm.
- Reinstall the wheel. Carefully align the rotor in between the brake pads and fully seat the axle in the dropouts of the frame. Use caution to avoid damage to the brake pads. Ensure the wheel mounting hardware is properly and securely tightened. For more information on reinstalling a front wheel quick release lever, see the article linked HERE.
- Adjust the brake caliper in relation to the position of the new rotor. For more information on adjusting brakes, check out the article on adjusting brakes linked HERE and tightening loose brakes HERE.
- Complete the bedding-in brakes procedure linked HERE before your first ride. This process will evenly distribute brake pad material across the new braking surface of the rotor and will increase braking performance, and will help reduce brake noise.
- Reinstall the battery and test the bike fully before riding.